For a list of Gardner’s books, scholarly articles, topical articles, reviews, and activities, please see his full CVTo see Gardner’s most cited works, visit his Google Scholar page.


A Synthesizing Mind

Howard Gardner’s Frames of Mind was that rare publishing phenomenon—a mind-changer. Widely read by the general public as well as by educators, this influential book laid out Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences. It debunked the primacy of the IQ test and inspired new approaches to education; entire curricula, schools, museums, and parents’ guides were dedicated to the nurturing of the several intelligences. In his new book, A Synthesizing Mind, Gardner reflects on his intellectual development and his groundbreaking work, tracing his evolution from bookish child to eager college student to disengaged graduate student to Harvard professor.

Gardner discusses his mentors (including Erik Erikson and Jerome Bruner) and his collaborators (Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, William Damon, and others). Comedian Groucho Marx makes a surprise (non-)appearance, declining Gardner’s invitation to chat with Harvard College students, in favor of “making a living.”

Throughout his career, Gardner has focused on human minds in general, or on the minds of particular creators and leaders. Reflecting now on his own mind, he concludes that his is a “synthesizing mind”—with the ability to survey experiences and data across a wide range of disciplines and perspectives. The thinkers he most admires—including historian Richard Hofstadter, biologist Charles Darwin, and literary critic Edmund Wilson—are exemplary synthesizers. Gardner contends that the synthesizing mind is particularly valuable at this time and proposes ways to cultivate a possibly unique human capacity.

Mind, Work, and Life: A Festschrift on the Occasion of Howard Gardner’s 70th Birthday

Howard Gardner, noted psychologist and educator, turned 70 in 2013. To mark this occasion, 116 of Gardner’s colleagues and friends contributed both personal and scholarly essays to this two-volume set, creating a unique publication providing an overview of his life’s work. (read more…)

Mind, Work, and Life is available for purchase on Amazon in hard-copy (Volume 1 & Volume 2) or in Kindle format (Volume 1 & Volume 2).  

A *free* PDF version of the book is also available for download (PDF).

The App Generation: How Today’s Youth Navigate Identity, Intimacy, and Imagination in a Digital World

No one has failed to notice that the current generation of youth is deeply—some would say totally—involved with digital media. Professors Howard Gardner and Katie Davis name today’s young people The App Generation, and in this spellbinding book they explore what it means to be “app-dependent” versus “app-enabled” and how life for this generation differs from life before the digital era. (read more…)

The App Generation can be ordered by clicking here

Truth, Beauty, and Goodness Reframed: Educating for the Virtues in the Age of Truthiness and Twitter

Many of us take for granted that we know what is true, beautiful, and good. This book discusses the challenges faced by traditional education in light of two forces: the post modern critique from the humanities and the disruptive potentials of the new digital media. Gardner describes how the core ideas of truth, beauty, and goodness can survive and even be strengthened in education across the life span. (read more…)

Truth, Beauty, and Goodness Reframed can be ordered by clicking here.


  • Responsibility At Work (read more…) (order here)
  • 5 Minds for the Future (read more…) (order here)
  • Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons (read more…) (order here)
  • Development and Education of the Mind (read more…) (order here)
  • Changing Minds (read more…) (order here)
  • Good Work: Theory and Practice (read more…) (download here)
  • The Disciplined Mind: Beyond Facts and Standardized Tests, the K-12 Education that Every Child Deserves (read more…)
  • Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21st Century (read more…)
  • Extraordinary Minds: Portraits of Four Exceptional Individuals and an Examination of Our Own Extraordinariness (read more…)
  • Leading Minds: An Anatomy of Leadership (read more…)
  • Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice (read more…)
  • Creating Minds: An Anatomy of Creativity (read more…)
  • The Unschooled Mind: How Children Think and How Schools Should Teach (read more…)
  • Art Education and Human Development (read more…)
  • To Open Minds (read more…)
  • The Mind’s New Science: A History of the Cognitive Revolution (read more…)
  • Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (read more…)
  • Art, Mind, & Brain: A Cognitive Approach to Creativity (read more…)
  • Artful Scribbles: The Significance of Children’s Drawings (read more…)
  • Developmental Psychology: An Introduction (read more…)
  • The Shattered Mind: Person After Brain Damage (read more…)
  • The Arts and Human Development (read more…)
  • The Quest for Mind: Piaget, Levi-Strauss, and the Structuralist Movement (read more…)


  • Good Work: When Excellence and Ethics Meet (read more…)
  • Making Good: How Young People Cope with Moral Dilemmas at Work (read more…)
  • Practical Intelligence for School (read more…)
  • Intelligence: Multiple Perspectives (read more…)
  • Man and Men: Social Psychology as Social Science (read more…)


  • Howard Gardner Under Fire: The Rebel Psychologist Faces his Critics by Jeffrey Schaler (read more…)


Please note: These papers are provided for research purposes only. These works may not be excerpted or otherwise quoted for commercial purposes without express written consent from the author.

  • Gardner, H. (2020). Of Human Potential: A Forty Year Saga. Journal for the Education of the Gifted. Available at: 501.
  • Gardner, H. (in press). Of Human Potential: A Forty Year Saga. In Sternberg and Dai (Eds.), Scientific Inquiry into Human Potential: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives Across Disciplines. 502.
  • Gardner, H. (2019). In J. Brockman (Ed.), The Last Unknowns. New York, NY: Harper Collins, p. 89. 498.
  • Gardner, H. (2019). Ellen Winner Festschrift. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 38(1), pp.128-130. 499.
  • Gardner, H. (2019). Creativity and Creativities: The Challenges Ahead: In tribute to Teresa Amabile. Unpublished festschrift in honor of Teresa Amabile. 500.
  • Gardner, H. and Fischman, W. (2019). Towards Quality Higher Education: Barriers and Enablers. In O. Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, (Ed.), Frontiers and Advances in Positive Learning in the Age of InformaTiOn (PLATO). Cham: Springer, pp. 8-20. 503.
  • Gardner, H. (2019). “Neuromyths”: A Critical Consideration. Mind, Brain, and Education, 14(1), 2-4. Available at:


  • Redding, A.B., James, C., and Gardner, H. (2016). Nurturing ethical collaboration. Independent School (75:2), pp.58-64. (PDF)
  • Rundle, M., Weinstein, E., Gardner, H., and James, C. (2015). Doing civics in the digital age: Casual, purposeful, and strategic approaches to participatory politics. Oakland, CA: YPP Research Network Working Paper Series No. 2. (PDF)
  • Gardner, H. (2015). Disinterestedness in the digital era. In D. Allen & J. Light (Eds.), From voice to influence: Understanding citizenship in a digital era. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (PDF)
  • Gardner, H. (2013). Harvard Project Zero: A Personal History. (PDF) Also available in Spanish translation (PDF)
  • Gardner, H. & Mucinskas, D. (2013). Educating for Good Work: From Research to Practice. British Journal of Educational Studies. (pp. 1-18). London, UK: Routledge. (PDF)
  • Gardner, H. (2013). Reestablishing the Commons for the Common Good. Daedalus, Spring 2013. (pp. 199-208). (PDF)
  • Sheridan, K., & Gardner, H. (2012) Artistic development: The three essential spheres. In A. Shimamura (Ed.), Aesthetic Science: Connecting Minds, Brains, and Experience (pp. 276-296). New York, NY: Oxford College Press. (PDF)
  • The 25th Anniversary of the Publication of Howard Gardner’s Frames of Mind (PDF)
  • Gardner, H. (2011). The Theory of Multiple Intelligences: The Battle-Scarred Journey (An excerpt from The theory of multiple intelligences: As psychology, as education, as social science. Address delivered at José Cela University on October 29, 2011. Madrid, Spain.) The Daily Riff. (Link)
  • Gardner, H. (2011). The theory of multiple intelligences: As psychology, as education, as social science. Address delivered at José Cela University on October 29, 2011. Madrid, Spain. (PDF)
  • Gardner, H. (2011). Multiple intelligences: Reflections after thirty years. National Association of Gifted Children Parent and Community Network Newsletter: Washington, DC. (PDF)
  • Straughn, C., & Gardner, H. (2011). GoodWork in museums today…and tomorrow. In J. Marstine (Ed.), The Routledge companion to museum ethics. New York, NY: Routledge. (PDF)
  • Chen, J., & Gardner, H. (2011). Assessment of intellectual profiles: A perspective from multiple intelligences theory. In D. Flanagan, & C. Graham (Eds.), Contemporary intellectual assessment (3rd ed.) (pp. 145-155). New York, NY: Guilford Press. (PDF)
  • Krechevsky, M., Mardell, B. Filippini, T., & Gardner, H. (2011). Creating powerful learning experiences in early childhood: Lessons from good teaching. In B. Falk (Ed.), In defense of childhood. New York, NY: Teachers College Press. (PDF)
  • Gardner, H. (2008, January 12). Five minds for the future [Oral presentation]. International School of Geneva, The Ecolint Meeting in Geneva: Schools Facing the Challenges of the Contemporary World [Conference]. Published in The international school of Geneva conference report (pp. 20–40). Genéve: International Labour Office. (PDF)
  • Gardner, H. (2007).A multiplicity of intelligences: In tribute to Professor Luigi Vignolo. In P. Marien, & J. Abutalebi (Eds.), Neuropsychological research: A review. New York, NY: Psychology Press. (PDF)
  • Gardner, H. (2005). Multiple lenses on the mind. Paper delivered at Expo-Gestion. Bogota, Colombia, May 2005. Available at Translated into Spanish and Polish. Also, (2008) Multiple lenses on the mind. In C. M. Huat, & T. Kerry (Eds.), International perspectives on education (pp. 7–27). New York, NY: Continuum International Publishing. (PDF)
  • Gardner, H. (2002, Spring). Interview with Steen Larsen. Education and humanism. Denmark: Padaogiske Universitet. (PDF)
  • Gardner, H. (2002, Winter). The three faces of intelligence. Daedalus, 139–142. Translated into German in Gluck (pp. 391–99), Stuttgart: Klett Cotta; Castilian and Catalan in Web of Music. Also in Open Connections Magazine, 1(5), February 2008. (PDF)


  • “How MI Theory fits into traditional and modern China” by Jie-Qi Chen (PDF
  • “The Transmission and Reception of MI Theory in Contemporary China” by Dr. Zhilong Shen (PDF)
  • “Psychometric Superiority? Check the Facts — Again,” a response to a critique of MI Theory by Mindy Kornhaber (PDF